How Does a Hoverboard Work?

July 08, 2016

External Components

On the outside the hoverboard consists of the shell which is the cover in color, the two sensor pressure pads, power switch, charging port and the wheels on the bottom of the balance board.

  • Charging port
  • Power switch
  • LED lights (Depending on model)
  • Pressure pads
  • A plastic shell

Internal Components

The scooters have a few basic components: a gyroscope to determine the pitch or balance of the machine, motors that keep the board balanced and move it forward, microprocessors to manage power output to the motors, and large batteries to fuel the device.

  • A steel frame with a central pivot
  • A logic board
  • Two gyroscopes
  • Two infrared sensors
  • Two electric motors (located inside the wheels)
  • Two tilt/speed sensors (located inside the wheels)
  • A battery pack

Quality difference among components

The gyroscope, also connected to the microprocessors, helps gather information about the tilt of the board. Motors inside the board change power output to keep the rider balanced. Every self-balancing scooter is different, meaning that each one uses a different battery, set of microprocessors, and motors.

General specifications (distance, speed, etc)

The logic board is the “brain” of your hoverboard, and it’s where the processor computes in real time the status of the board, the speed at which you’re travelling, and the relative speed and tilt of the individual wheels (because, for example, when you turn the two wheels have opposing tilts, and hence opposing rpms and motion). It also controls the power management of the board, and whether you are in “beginner mode” (thereby limiting the max speed of the board) or if the scooter is “locked”.  A Hoverboard’s top speed is determined by a few different factors: the wheel size, the electric motors’ power and the safety choices of the company.


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